Orchard crops (fruit farms) in the USA typically start they start to get busy in the spring (April/May) and they harvest their crops by summer and fall (July to October) depending on the crop. In some regions of the US (Florida, Hawaii) farmers can produce fruits year around.
Fruit farmers area varies from 40 to hundreds of acres in size. Usually they produce three or four different type of fruits, for example: Pear, Cherry, and Apples in the Northwest region (Oregon, Washington); Citrus, Grapes, Cherry and Almonds (California). Tropical fruits are produce only in Hawaii.
During the training period, interns will be involved with the planting, harvesting, care of irrigation system, operate small farm machinery (50-150 hp tractors), maintenance of farm machinery; cultural practices like weed control, spraying chemicals, fertilizer application, pest control management, etc.; post harvest processing, packing, stacking and loading produce; and other general farm task (maintenance of yard, mowing grass, painting and fixing buildings, etc.).
Also interns will learn to determine cost of production, bookkeeping, marketing practices, time management, and problem solving skills. The skills acquired will varies according to the host and interns abilities.